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26: The Sermon on the Mount (Part 1)

May 14, 2009

Major text: Luke 6:17-19; Matthew 5:3-16

Harmony Texts:

Matt. 5:1-2      Luke 6:17-19
Matt. 5:3-12    Luke 6:20-26

Outline:

  1. The Location                     Luke 6:17-19
  2. The Beatitudes                  Matt. 5:3-12
  3. The Expectations              Matt 5:13-16

Context/Discussion/Comments:

One gets a different picture of the events when comparing the Mark and Luke accounts of choosing the twelve disciples and the same is true in comparing the Matthew and Luke accounts of the Sermon on the Mount.  First, these events were most likely not the same day.  Matthew would have had first hand information in that he was one of the chosen twelve so the nod for accuracy goes to Matthew.  Luke’s account has a literal flow to it.

I originally thought Jesus called His disciples from a crowd.  But I now think He called them through prayer and they came one by one to meet Him on the mountain.  I also believe the mountain where this sermon took place was a favorite place for Jesus to come pray and teach.  People gathered there to meet Him and to hear Him.  It is located within a mile from Capernaum up on a hillside overlooking the Sea of Galilee.  It makes for a beautiful setting.  It has a large flat area halfway up the hillside, trees, and a natural amphitheater.

Jesus meets His disciples on the mountainside along with many people from Judea, Jerusalem, Tyre, and Sidon.  They came a long way to hear Jesus, to be healed by Him, and to have evil spirits cast out.  No doubt there were also many Galileans there too.

Jesus comes forth with this list of Beatitudes.  Published commentaries have done a very good job in explaining what Jesus was teaching, some in great detail.  Read them.  To me The Beatitudes are great umbrella-like statements of Truth.  They also offer a picture of who Jesus Christ is.  Consider this:

The Poor in Spirit                                 are                          Humble

Those who mourn                               are                          Sorry for sin

The meek                                                 have                       Enduring strength

Those who crave righteousness     are                          Like God

The Merciful                                           are                          Forgiving

The pure in heart                                 have                       No malice, no condemnation

The peacemakers                                  will                          Restore, love

The persecuted                                       are                          Wronged

Great Reward                                            is                             Joy, victory over death

The disciples of Jesus are to be the salt of the earth and the light of the world.  It was Christ’s purpose and it is to be our purpose.  We are to have the characteristics taught in the Beatitudes. Then others will be drawn to the Light [Jesus] through us and Praise God!

Lessons/Applications:

  1. The Disciples of Christ are to be Christ-like, living above the fray. See
    the Light and praise God.
  2. Real training takes place at the feet of Jesus. Go there. Sit down. Relax.
    And take it all in.
  3. Express joy in your life always because a great reward awaits you.
  4. He is recreating us who believe in Him to be just like Him. The light that
    shines forth from our lives is the Light of the World, Jesus Christ. His work
    is one of purification because we preach Christ crucified.

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