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62: I Am the Good Shepherd

May 14, 2009

Major Text: John 10:1-21

Outline:

  1. The Good Shepherd versus a Thief                                   John 10:1-10
  2. The Good Shepherd versus a Hired Hand                                    John 10:11-18
  3. The Good Shepherd versus the Demon-Possessed          John 10:19-21

Context/Discussion/Comments:

Jesus continues teaching in Jerusalem.  This story was told shortly after Jesus had healed the blind man.  According to verses 19-21, that incident is still fresh on the people’s minds.

Jesus tells a simple story to illustrate a simple truth.  Interwoven are some other truths which will be more fully revealed at a later time.  Jesus tells this story to convince the Jews He has their best interests at heart whereas a demon-possessed man would be destructive.  It is a story of contrasts based on characteristics and purpose.  The people could easily relate to the story because many of them raised sheep and knew of the relationship between the sheep and their shepherd and of the dangers that lurked at night.

Their sheep pens were usually circular stone structures in a spiral form.  That is, the gate or entrance to the pen was usually an extension of the wall beyond where it would normally form the completed circle and about 3-4 feet beyond where the wall started.  The length of the gate would be 6-10 feet.  Depending on the availability of rock in the area, the pens would range from 5 to 10 feet high.  Some may even have been covered for added protection and shade.  The shepherds would sleep in the gate area at night to make sure the sheep stayed in and the wild animals would not enter.

Jesus’ purpose was to convince the people that He was indeed the Messiah, the Son of God and, as a son, He obeyed His Father, God.  He also wanted to convince them that the miracles they saw Him perform were of God and not because of any demon-possession.

Lessons/Applications:

Listen to and follow the Good Shepherd:

  • The Shepherd who cares.
  • The Shepherd who gives us abundant life.
  • The Shepherd who has given His life that we may live eternally.
  • The Good Shepherd, Jesus Christ.

Consider what Jesus is telling the people in this story

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I Am the Good Shepherd

Major Text: John 10:1-21

Outline: I. The Good Shepherd versus a Thief John 10:1-10

II. The Good Shepherd versus a Hired Hand John 10:11-18

III. The Good Shepherd versus the Demon-Possessed John 10:19-21

Context/Discussion/Comments:

Jesus continues teaching in Jerusalem. This story was told shortly after Jesus had healed the blind man. According to verses 19-21, that incident is still fresh on the people’s minds.

Jesus tells a simple story to illustrate a simple truth. Interwoven are some other truths which will be more fully revealed at a later time. Jesus tells this story to convince the Jews He has their best interests at heart whereas a demon-possessed man would be destructive. It is a story of contrasts based on characteristics and purpose. The people could easily relate to the story because many of them raised sheep and knew of the relationship between the sheep and their shepherd and of the dangers that lurked at night.

Their sheep pens were usually circular stone structures in a spiral form. That is, the gate or entrance to the pen was usually an extension of the wall beyond where it would normally form the completed circle and about 3-4 feet beyond where the wall started. The length of the gate would be 6-10 feet. Depending on the availability of rock in the area, the pens would range from 5 to 10 feet high. Some may even have been covered for added protection and shade. The shepherds would sleep in the gate area at night to make sure the sheep stayed in and the wild animals would not enter.

Jesus’ purpose was to convince the people that He was indeed the Messiah, the Son of God and, as a son, He obeyed His Father, God. He also wanted to convince them that the miracles they saw Him perform were of God and not because of any demon-possession.

Lessons/Applications:

Listen to and follow the Good Shepherd:

The Shepherd who cares.

The Shepherd who gives us abundant life.

The Shepherd who has given His life that we may live eternally.

The Good Shepherd who knows our names.

The Good Shepherd, Jesus Christ.

Consider what Jesus is telling the people in this story.

The Good Shepherd Thieves/Robbers Hired Hands Sheep
1. He enters the sheep pen by the gate.
2. He calls His sheep by name [Rev. 2:17].
3. He leads His sheep in and out, finding good pasture [abundant life of
John 10:10].
4. He is the gate to the sheep pen [protector of his sheep].
5. He knows his sheep.
6. He gives His life for the sheep.
7. He will eventually unite all his sheep in one pen [Jews and Gentiles;
see Eph 2:11-22; Rom. 11:19-23].
8. He will lay down his life and take it up again [foretelling Jesus’ death
and resurrection].
9. He obeys His Father.
1. They try to enter the pen by means other than the gate.
2. Their purpose is to steal or destroy.
1. They abandon the sheep at the first sign of trouble 1.
They listen for the shepherd’s voice.
They follow the shepherd.
3. They don’t follow strangers.
4. They know their shepherd.
His 1st priority is the sheep.
Their 1st priority is to lead the sheep astray.
Their 1st priority is themselves.
They have a special relationship of faith and trust
in their Shepherd.
Jesus Christ,
The Son of God
False teachers and false messiahs.
Pharisees/Sadducees Scribes
"Born again" Believers

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