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131: The Holy Spirit Descends on the Disciples

May 15, 2009

Text: Acts 2:1-41

Outline:

  1. The Holy Spirit Comes                     Acts 2:1-13
  2. Peter Preaches                                    Acts 2:14-40
  3. Many Accept Jesus as the Christ Acts 2:41

Context/Discussion/Comments:

Jesus’ disciples, 120 strong, were probably gathered together in devotion to prayer and the reading of the Word when the Holy Spirit descends on them. My guess is that they were in the Temple area and not in the Upper Room. Many other worshippers were in the area and heard the commotion, the noise of a great wind. When the crowd turned their attention to the disciples, each heard the Gospel message in their native tongue. It is not clear whether all spoke in tongues or just the “twelve”.

There were at least 16 languages spoken. The crowd recognizes that these people are from Galilee. Not all the disciples were from Galilee but the majority of the disciples were probably from that area. Peter stands up together with the “eleven” to explain what has happened. So I assume that the “twelve” disciples were the significant spokesmen for the 16 languages, evidence of a very unusual and significant miracle taking place.

Peter goes on to explain that in the last days both men and women will be prophesying because the Holy Spirit has arrived. There will also be many signs in the sky but all who call on the Lord Jesus Christ will be saved. Peter explains that Jesus did His miracles in the name of God. It was God’s Divine Plan for Him to die by the hand of the Jews and the Romans and then be raised from the dead after three days. Peter quotes from their prophet King David to verify this claim. Peter and the disciples are witnesses of Jesus’ resurrection and witnesses of His ascension to the Father in heaven. It is Jesus who has sent the Holy Spirit and they can be assured that Jesus is the Lord Christ, the promised Messiah.

Many people were convicted of their sin by Peter’s sermon and asked what they needed to do. Peter tells them to REPENT and be baptized in the name of Jesus for forgiveness of their sin and receive the Holy Spirit which they have just witnessed. This New Covenant is available to them and to their future generations. About 3000 people were added to the Church that day.

Lessons/Applications:

  1. One is never unaware of the coming of the Holy Spirit. We who have received Him knew and felt His coming. Those around us realize something extraordinary has happened. Those around us will sense we are different.
  2. Take advantage of any questions asked of you. Explain what has happened. Explain that Jesus is the Christ. Explain that Jesus died for our sins and was resurrected. Explain that others can experience our joy by accepting Jesus as Lord and Savior. Explain that Jesus is available to all who believe.
  3. The personal testimony of one disciple together with the Holy Spirit is able to bear much fruit for the Kingdom of God. Our part in growing the Kingdom is in direct proportion to our boldness to proclaim Jesus as the resurrected living Lord and Savior.
  4. Do not be bewildered by what you hear and see from those who are called Christian. Believe Jesus is the Christ and receive forgiveness for your sin. Receive the Holy Spirit.
  5. The evidence of the Holy Spirit in our lives is simply spontaneity and boldness in proclaiming Jesus as Lord and Savior.

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