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1 John

May 18, 2009


I. introduction I John 1:1-4

  1. Our Proclamation                I John 1:1-3
  2. Our Purpose                           I John 1:4

II. Our Message I John 1:5-2:17

  1. God is Light                             I John 1:5-7
  2. We are Sinners                       I John 1:8-10
  3. Christ Atones                         I John 2:1-2
  4. Obey                                          I John 2:3-8
  5. An Example                            I John 2:9-11
  6. Remember                              I John 2:12-17

III. Our Warning I John 2:18-29

  1. Anti-Christs                           I John 2:18-19
  2. Persevere                                I John 2:20-29

IV. God’s Love I John 3:1-24

  1. We are His Children                    I John 3:1-3
  2. He took away our Sin                I John 3:4-6
  3. We are Born Again                     I John 3:7-10
  4. Our Response                               I John 3:11-24

V. True Love Defined I John 4:1-21

  1. The Foundation of True Love           I John 4:1-3
  2. The Assurance of True Love             I John 4:4-6
  3. The Example of True Love                 I John 4:7-12
  4. The Practice of True Love                  I John 4:13-16
  5. The Satisfaction of True Love            I John 4:17-18
  6. The Test of True Love                           I John 4:19-21

VI. Our Assurance I John 5: 1-21

  1. Obedience                 I John 5:1-5
  2. His Testimony         I John 5:6-12
  3. His Response            I John 5:13-15
  4. His Restoration       I John 5:16-17
  5. His Protection          I John 5:18-19
  6. Divine Fellowship   I John 5:20-21


This is a very compact and concise letter by the Apostle John. Some would
question his authorship but it has too many similarities with the Gospel of John.
In fact, in many ways it is a condensed version of John’s gospel. In another
way it is like a piece of music. It has two themes [melodies]; love and, to
a lesser extent, obedience. It’s like a percussion score. It starts with a timpani
played softly [love] followed by a few cymbal crashes to wake one up [obedience
and warnings] and climaxes in Chapters 4-5 with a crescendo timpani roll. One
of the cymbal crashes is Chapter 4:1-6 on testing the spirits for truth and
error before the timpani takes over in verses 7-21 emphasizing the main melody
of love.

I John introduces two other subjects, anti-christs and the Doctrine of Incarnation.
Both are dealt with very directly in II John. We can begin to understand the
issues troubling the Apostles as they neared the end of their ministries and
began to turn the leadership of the Church over to those who had not walked
with Christ in person on earth. In fact John is believed to be the last remaining
Apostle. These same issues remain with us today making the messages contained
in these NT Letters/Epistles very relevant.

One interesting way to read I John is to change the pronouns so it reads as
if it were spoken by God himself instead of written by John. It would be a good
exercise in paraphrasing the Letter and making it even more meaningful. This
is especially true when dealing with the subjects of eternal security and whether
or not Christians are capable of sinning. Some refer to this letter as proof
that “born again” Christians do not sin, will not sin, and can not
sin. Others of us look at this scripture and recognize that we are still human
and our sin nature still exists. We sin but not willfully [see Hebrews 6]. We
are “born again” and are clothed with the righteousness of Christ.
Therefore, from God’s perspective we are without sin because Christ has paid
our debt. God only sees Christ in us because we too are His children. We are
family. We are secure in Him and our obedience to His commandments provides
evidence and gives us assurance that this is true.

As stated earlier, love is a key theme/melody. Our word love is represented
by four words which have the following meaning.

Agape [n.]              sacrificial               intimate                       enduring

Agapeo [v.]            compassion          supportive                  giving

Philos [n.]               caring                     accommodating        forgiving

Eros [n.]                  attracting               excitable                     passing

Only the first two forms are used in I John.

Some scholars place I, II, and III John as having been written before The Revelation
I think II and III John were written earlier but I’m not so certain about I
John. I think it was written from Patmos like The Revelation in that it’s to
a general unspecified audience and has no greeting at the end. John loved God
and I think it was his last writing, his last message to Christians before dying.
He writes using the pronoun “we” indicating he is representing all
the Apostles. These are his[their] last[ing] instructions to the Church. But
this is all speculation and I do not have any data to support my hypothesis.

On the next two pages I have included two charts noting all the reasons John
gives for writing and the many tests we can use to determine if we really know
Him. In so doing, He also gives us the correct answers [response]. I John is
a simple but complex letter and there are many approaches one can use when studying



Introduction                                                                                        I John 1:1-4

Our Proclamation                                 I John 1:1-3

This is very similar in both context and content to chapter 1 in John’s gospel.
Here he proclaims Christ as:

  1. From the beginning,
  2. Which he has heard,
  3. Which he has seen,
  4. Which he has observed,
  5. Which he has touched, and
  6. the Word of life.

What he proclaims he has witnessed. He has the credentials of an eye witness
along with the other Apostles.

Christ is the way to eternal life. He was in heaven and He came to earth.
John’s fellowship is with the Lord and he proclaims Christ so they may fellowship
with one another in Christ. He has a threefold purpose; to proclaim Christ,
to fellowship with believers in Christ, and to bring joy [satisfaction] into
lives because of Christ’s gift of eternal life.

Our Purpose                                             I John 1:4

“Making our joy complete” means full, satisfied, task accomplished.
It implies sharing, intimacy, unity. We want to possess all the joy it’s possible
to have. We have joy in Christ, we share joy in Christ, and we fellowship around
joy in Christ. Therefore, in Christ we have complete joy. But as we shall soon
see, this joy is dependant on our love and obedience to Christ.

As Christians, we must have the same desire as John. We must proclaim Him
as Lord and Savior, one who lives in our hearts, one who has touched our lives
with His love and mercy, and one who has placed His Word in our hearts. His
Lordship authenticates our credentials as His ambassadors. Our purpose is to
share Him with others, grow the fellowship of believers, and sing an anthem
of joyous gratitude in praise to Him.

Our Message                                                                                    I John 1:5-17

Simply stated, John’s message is:

“What you do is more telling about who you are than what you say. Be consistent.”

In this portion of scripture he continually contrasts the actions of those
forgiven by Him versus those who have forsaken His claims.

God Is Light                                               I John 1:5-7

John’s message is defined further with the statement “God is Light”.
God has no hidden agenda. God has no sin [darkness]. God’s way is straightforward.
True fellowship with God takes place in the light where all is revealed; His
grace, His love, His mercy, His forgiveness, His faithfulness, His glory, etc.
You must be in His light to fellowship with Him i.e. in Him. We are in Him and
in His light because He has purified us of sin through the blood of His Son
on the cross.

We are Sinners                                         I John 1:8-10

We are sinners but He will forgive us of our sins, purify us, because we confessed
our sins. Some today say they don’t sin; they are good. But His Word says “All
have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God”. We all need a Savior.
We all need to humble ourselves before His throne and ask forgiveness. Then
we can fellowship with Him in the light. His light reveals all. His light doesn’t
reveal our sin [it has been washed away with His blood]. His light reveals our
righteousness [white robe] in Christ Jesus because we have confessed our sin
and placed our trust in Jesus.

Christ Atones                                             I John 2:1-2

Sin is this passage refers to “missing what God desires, fellowship”.
It involves separation from Him because the sinner’s attitude is “I don’t
need God; I don’t want God; I don’t believe in God; I am my own God; I refuse
to listen or to follow God; and I will not worship God”.

The solution resides in The Righteous One. God is always there to forgive
us if we will humble ourselves before His throne in repentance and ask to be
forgiven. Jesus will come to our defense because He paid the debt for our sin.
He paid the debt for every ones sin.

Obey                                                               I John 2:3-8

Obedience provides assurance that we know God. Light and darkness, walking
and not walking, fellowship and not fellowshipping, recognizing your sin and
not recognizing your sin, and finally, obedience and disobedience [later John
includes love and hate] are foreign to one another. We can’t be both or do both.
We are either with Christ or against Christ. We desire to obey Him or we prefer
to obey our own desires. There is no gray or middle ground. It’s our heart that
tells us who we belong to, Jesus or self. Ones actions will be consistent with
ones heart.

God’s will/way is not new. It was from the beginning. It is “Love the
Lord your God with all your heart, soul, mind, and strength and love your neighbor
as yourself”. It is new in the sense that the Old Covenant [the Law] has
passed and the New Covenant [Christ] is visible. “He has come that we might
have life, abundant life”.

An Example                                                          I John 2:9-11

Here John uses the example of love and hate for ones brother relating to ones
love or hate for Christ. A brother refers to any human being, as in “neighbor”
when Jesus was summarizing the law. This follows on John’s implication that
obedience is grounded in the Law as summarized by Jesus. God loves all therefore
we must love all. Christ died for all therefore we must be willing to die for
all. We live for His glory, not ours. As Paul writes to the Romans in Chapter
12, “We are to be a living sacrifice; transformed, renewed, for His service”.

Remember                                                           I John 2:12-17

John emphasizes why he is writing; to children [new in the faith], to young
men [growing in their faith], and to fathers [mature in their faith].

To the children he says:

  • Your sins have been forgiven.
  • You know the Father.

To the young men he says:

  • They have overcome evil.
  • They are strong in their faith because they love the Word.

To the fathers he says:

  • They have known Him from the beginning.
  • They fully recognize/comprehend His character and who He is. They have proven themselves to be stable, a tree with deep roots.

In other words, the children are ready to be tested; the young men are passing
their test; and the fathers have passed their test.

John’s message of love and obedience is valid to all who are in Christ Jesus
regardless of their maturity. Few of us ever reach fatherhood. In fact, few
of scriptures heroes reached fatherhood. But His grace is sufficient for meeting
all our needs in Christ Jesus. Just believe, love and obey. It’s difficult and
it is rewarding. It truly is the abundant life He has promised.

We are not to seek what the world has to offer. We are to seek God. We can
not seek, worship, or serve both. We are to seek His Kingdom and His righteousness
laying up treasure in heaven [Matt. 6:19-33]. Cravings, lust, and pride promote
selfishness, not the selflessness and humility for servant-hood that is valued
by our Lord. What we crave for, what we lust for, and what we take pride in
can not become more important for us than serving/loving Christ We must understand
our priorities and make sure they do not interfere with our calling from God.

Our Warning                                                                                       I John 2:18-29

Anti-Christs                                                 I John 2:18-19

John reminds “his children” [regardless of their maturity] that
this is the last hour, the end of the age. The Anti-Christ [taught by Paul in
II Thess. 2 and by John in The Revelation] is indeed coming. Other anti-christs
[false prophets] are already prevalent [taught by John in II John, Jude and
Peter in II Peter]. These anti-christs were part of the local church but did
not stay because fellowship was denied them, rightly so. The fact that they
are so prevalent indicates the end is near.

So how can we take this warning seriously if 2000+ years have passed and we
are not any closer, seemingly, to the end and Christ’s return? First, God is
patient. He doesn’t wish for anyone to perish. Therefore, He will delay the
end as long as people desire and are willing to trust Him for eternal life.
He is sovereign and He alone knows when the end is. Second, we are only 2000
years after John in a young earth of 6000+ years. We tend to think that the
end means 90% of the time has passed and we are down to the last 10%. But that’s
human reasoning and not necessarily God’s reasoning. The end doesn’t have to
relate to a percentage. It can relate to an era. Third, “a day with the
Lord is like a thousand years” per II Peter 3:8. In fact Peter addresses
this question in II Peter 3.

We indeed are in the end time. Christ has come and gone. The Holy Spirit has
come and His Church has been birthed. Before the Holy Spirit leaves [rapture
of the Church/believers per II Thess. 2 and I Thess. 4] the Anti-Christ is known
and Christ’s Second Advent is very near. John just touches on this subject in
this letter in that Peter, Paul and he have written other letters addressing
the subject in much greater detail.

Persevere                                                     I John 2:20-29

John brings attention to their anointing by the Holy Spirit upon being born
again. They are now born of the Spirit and have power over the flesh. They have
been anointed by God, they know God, and they are being taught by God. They
know the Truth that Jesus is the Christ and is the source of eternal life. Anti-christs
deny Jesus as Messiah, deny God, and deny Jesus as His Son. This is the anti-christs’

John asks them to persevere in this truth because they will be pressured to
abandon their faith including persecution. Remember, you know Christ, are in
Christ, and are with Christ because of your anointing.

Once again the doctrine of eternal security comes into tension. This passage
and that of II John warns us about being led astray, to deny Christ, and exhorts
us to remain in Him, to persevere in our faith, and to not succumb to the teachings
of the anti-christ’s. One’s salvation and the future of Christ’s Church, His
bride, chosen to continue His ministry on earth is at stake. I believe those
who have been “anointed” and born again will stand firm in the truth,
will persevere to the end for all the reasons John gives. But we have a stake
in our assurance of salvation and that is to obey His commands and not falter.
Failure to obey discounts the effectiveness of His ministry. He doesn’t need
us to do His ministry but He has given us responsibility to carry our His ministry.
Such is a privilege, a result of our love for Him. Failure to fulfill our responsibility
enables the false prophets to question our allegiance and neutralize the gospel.

We have been called to “deny ourselves, take up our cross [identify with
Him], and follow Him”. To successfully carry out His mission, we must persevere.
The perseverance of the “fathers” and the “young men” are
needed to assure that the “children” grow strong in the faith to which
they have been called. God’s will is that none would perish. Therefore, we have
an obligation to persevere and remain steadfast in the Faith so that all might
believe in Jesus as the Messiah, the Son of God, who forgives sins and offers
eternal life.

With all that said, let’s see if we can step back a little and grasp the meaning
of what John has written so far.

Fellowshipping, walking, confessing, knowing, loving, and acknowledging are
all indicators of ones anointing, being born of the Spirit. But the real indicators
are obedience, steadfastness, and perseverance to the Truth. These three trump
all our words with their action. If we do good works but fail to obey His commandments
through thick and thin, good and bad times, we have no assurance of salvation.
If we fellowship with believers and acknowledge Him before man but fail to obey
His commandments and do good, we have no assurance of salvation. Our lives of
obedience must complement our lives of confession. Then we have assurance. We
will also persevere. This is right, proper, and correct. It enables us to live
and approach Him with confidence assured He has covered us with His righteousness.

So, can there be death bed conversions? Definitely! It’s the genuineness of
our heart that matters. A genuine heart guarantees a consistent lifestyle. What
we do and what we say must honor Jesus. You can’t fake it for He is all-knowing.
Thus, we have these words of warning and encouragement by the Apostle John.

God’s Love                                                                                    I John 3:1-24

We are His Children                                 I John 3:1-3

John opens Chapter 3 with a statement clothed in awe. “God’s great love
has been lavished upon us to the extent that we are His children”. His
love is like a flood. When it starts, it keeps coming and it doesn’t subside
because we are His children. It is like a wall, higher and wider than any enemy
can penetrate because we are His children. We are known by our Father and not
the world because He has set us apart. We are known only by those who also know
the Father because that is what sets us apart; our worship, our confession,
our acknowledgement, our love, our service, and our obedience to the King of

But there is more to come. Now we are loved and gifted children. When we see
Him face to face, we will be like Him. Our sin nature will be gone. We will
be pure as He is pure. Because of this hope, we desire to live pure lives on
earth in preparation for that great day. This hope is really indescribable.
We are bound by our flesh and earth. Our redeemed spirit and heaven have no

He took away our Sins                                I John 3:4-6

Here John presents the gospel in a brief paragraph. Sin is breaking the law,
the Ten Commandments. Sin is failure to recognize God as God. If one fails to
recognize God as God as in the first three commandments, one will also fail
to respect his fellow man as in the last seven commandments.

Jesus, God’s only Son, came to earth in the flesh. He was like us, tempted,
but without sin. He became the sacrifice for our sins by shedding His blood
on the cross. We who trust in Jesus no longer break the law in His eyes because
we acknowledge Him alone as Lord and Savior. He dwells within us. We are together
in intimate fellowship. We are His children.

We are Born Again                                     I John 3:7-10

John reemphasizes the points made in verses 4-6 because he wants no one to
be led astray. We are known by our fruit. Our fruit is of righteousness or sin.
Our fruit is of God or sin [Satan]. We worship Him or something/someone else.
Christ appeared for the single purpose to destroy our sin/sin nature. We are
born again in Him and for Him, to love Him and to love others [our brother].
Our love and obedience to Him separates us from those who refuse to love and
obey Him.

Our Response                                             I John 3:11-24

John’s message [melody] now transitions from obedience to love. He is transitioning
from loving God [the first commandment] to loving our brother [the second commandment]. He uses Cain and Able as examples of evil and righteousness. Love, or lack thereof, for our fellow man is a true sign of who our God is and whose child we are.

This seems like a harsh judgment for there are many people who do more good
for others than we born again Christians. The difference is for whom are the
good works being done. God commands us to love them in the name of Christ. He
wants the glory. He wants their hearts, their souls.

Let’s consider a couple of examples. The Salvation Army has an excellent reputation
for loving people. They are on the news but they never seek the news. Other organizations also help but they seek the news. The Mennonite Church has an excellent reputation for rebuilding destroyed structures. They are seldom seen on the news. Habit for Humanity does great work but they promote themselves. We Christians are called to do great works, calling attention to our Lord; not through news organizations but to the people being served. In fact we are called to sacrifice and share on a greater level than anyone. Christ died for us. What are we willing to do for others? The bar is very high for His children. We are to love with action.
God is looking for action.

God is there to support us as we love others. He will give us what we need
because we are obeying His commands. We will not want if we obey. He is trustworthy and faithful. If we trust Him for eternal life, we can trust Him with our lives on earth. He is our assurance in all things because His Spirit lives within
us. He is God, Incarnate and Indwelling for His purpose of loving man, whom
He created and desires to redeem.

True Love Defined                                                                            I John 4:1-21

This chapter together with chapter 5 begins the conclusion of what John emphasizes
in this letter. In the musical analogy, it begins the climax as we head toward
the ending. In many ways, John is saying the same things he has said earlier
but in a different way. The music changes key and becomes more loud and forceful.

The Foundation of True Love                                 I John 4:1-3

The foundation of true love is that Jesus Christ is God Incarnate. The spirit
of anti-christ is that which does not recognize Jesus Christ as God incarnate.
We are challenged to recognize and discern these spirits. Discernment is easy
when some come out clearly and say “Jesus is not the Christ and is not
God”. But usually they are more subtle and may say things like the following:

  1. Jesus was a good man and teacher.
  2. Jesus was not born of a virgin.
  3. Jesus was not a miracle worker. His life is more myth than fact.
  4. Jesus did not rise from the grave.
  5. Jesus is not coming again.

These are warning statements. Beware! The Truth: Jesus Christ is God incarnate.
Don’t forget this fact.

The Assurance of True Love                                      I John 4:4-6

The Holy Spirit together with the strong bond of fellowship gives us assurance.
How then can we apply this truth without being judgmental toward others? Our
assurance is more about the form of our fellowship than it is with whom we fellowship.
Our fellowship must include the testimony that Jesus Christ is Lord and from
God. It must be about knowing who we serve in addition to whom we serve. We
are like aggregate encompassed in the cement of the Holy Spirit forming the
foundation of our confession that Jesus Christ is Lord God. “Opposites
attract” and “birds of a feather flock together”. False prophets
may seek us out but they won’t stay if we believers hold fast to our confession
that Jesus Christ is God incarnate.

The Example of True Love                                         I John 4:7-12

Love and God are synonymous. As His dear friends, His children, His bride,
His church, we and God are synonymous too. We are not God but we are like Him.
Thus, our privilege, our duty, our responsibility, our obligation, our nature
is to love as Christ loved. Love flows from God to Christ to us to others. We
are not to break His chain. It is the only way for others to see and know Him.

The Practice of True Love                                         I John 4:13-16

See also John 14:16-27 Our confidence in knowing that we live in Him and He
lives in us is confirmed by:

  1. The Spirit within us. It is personal, intimate, relational, and rational.
  2. Our confession that Jesus is the Son of God and was sent as our Savior coupled with our willingness to share that truth residing in us with others.
  3. Our reliance on and obedience to His Truth, His Love, and His Son, Jesus.

The Satisfaction of True Love                                  I John 4:17-18

Now that we understand that we “true believers” are one with Christ
and He with us, people will see Christ in us. We are His body, His creation,
His love, and we are His grace. We are the living Christ on earth. We are His
family, His children, His inheritance, and His bride. We are His!

We can have confidence that He will declare us righteous, that we are righteous
as He is righteous, and that we are Love as He is Love. There is absolutely
no reason to fear. We need not question what is true. We need not question what
is Truth.

The Test of True Love                                          I John 4:19-21

Love is not possible without God and the recognition that God loves us. Love
and hate don’t mix. They are like oil and water. If we truly know God, we will
love all men. We must examine ourselves. Can we pass the test? If not, we must
go back and learn to love God as He has loved us. Love of man comes naturally
through His Holy Spirit.

Lets us summarize as follows.

  1. Know the foundation of your faith. Be loving to all. Be imitators of Christ. Be genuine in life. Don’t fake it or manipulate it for the populous.
  2. When truth is so black and white, it’s imperative that we love our fellow man in caring compassion, unconditionally, sacrificially so they too can see the Truth and accept His love and grace.
  3. How does one love? We love by having a deeper understanding of Christ’s love for us so that we may imitate Him. In other words, “Learn to love your fellow man more by loving Christ more.

I have further simplified the key points in this chapter as follows.

True Love Defined

I John 4:1-21

Our Assurance                                                                                                I John 5:1-21

Obedience                                                  I John 5:1-5

There are several interacting themes in these first five verses, namely believe,
love, obey, and victory. Belief results in love results in obedience results
in victory. The central theme in verse 2-3 is obedience. We are to obey His
commands which are to love God and love others. This obedience of love is not
difficult once we believe Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God. We love Him.
We do not love the world and what it has to offer. Our focus, our priority, our allegiance is Jesus and not the world.

Our obedience assures us.

His Testimony                                          I John 5:6-12

There are several different ways to look at the phase “water and the
blood” but I believe it refers to His birth and death. John again is emphasizing
that Jesus is God incarnate. God has given us three testimonies; His birth by
the virgin Mary [water], His death and resurrection [blood], and His Spirit
which lives in us. We have the witness of His flesh and His Spirit. In believing
Jesus is the Son of God, we believe He was born of a virgin, He died for our
sins on the cross, He rose from the dead, His victory over death guarantees
eternal life to all who believe, He ascended into heaven, and He sent His Spirit
to confirm these truths in our hearts. Therefore, we know these truths and have
eternal life if we believe in Jesus.

His testimony assures us.

His Response                                               I John 5:13-15

When we ask according to His will, He hears us. And we have assurance we receive
His will. This isn’t about getting, it’s about enlightenment. God has already
gifted us to do His work, to obey His commands. We are to ask for His Spirit
to lead us, not for things. We are to ask for His will and not for what we need.
He knows what we need and will provide that too. Too often our prayers center
on what we want, what we desire, and not what He wills. Instead of learning
from/ following our Heavenly Father, we prefer to beg like a child. We are free
to do His will because our inheritance assures us.

His response to us seeking His will assures us.

His Restoration                                              I John 5:16-17

We are to lift up our brothers who sin to God in prayer. He promises to restore
that individual. The principle here is similar to the parable Jesus told of
seeking the one lost sheep in Matt. 18:10-14. The sin mentioned is “that
not unto death”. These are sins against your fellow man analogous to the
last seven commandments. The sin unto death refers to the first three commandments,
refusing to acknowledge God, the unpardonable sin of Matt 12:31-32. It is refusing
to believe God and even attributing His good works to Satan.

His desire to restore us assures us.

His Protection                                                I John 5:18-19

God is in the security business. Those born of God, His true children who
walk in fellowship with Him in the light, desire to be free of sin. They no
longer desire to walk in darkness. To walk in the light with Him protects us
from Satan who prowls the darkness.

Walking in the light assures us of His protection.

Divine Fellowship                                      I John 5:20-21

Jesus Christ came to earth so that we may understand the will of God and to
experience joy in following Him. This is the miracle of Divine fellowship, a
lowly human communicating directly with a Holy and Righteous God; a God who
has redeemed us and called us His children. With such fellowship available,
ignore all idols.

His fellowship assures us we are His children.

One last thought….In the early 70’s I gave a short devotional based on
I John 2:28-33, I John 3:23-24, and I John 5:20 to a small group of friends.
Being an engineer, I simplified the overall message into an equation containing
four H’s. Its message has never left my memory and the original coffee stained
notes are filed in my first bible commentary. It is this:

Harmony + Hope = Heaven + Happiness

In many ways, this sums up the whole message of I John. We are to live in
harmony with God according to His ways and His will. We are to possess the hope
of eternal life available through His Son, Jesus Christ. The result will be
an inheritance in heaven with Him and great happiness on earth and in heaven.
We should not and must not forget this message. It is that important.

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