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Forward: Old Testament Prophets

June 3, 2009

I have decided to do this study of OT Prophets in the approximate order of the beginning of their ministry, grouping contemporaries together. What is interesting is that the prophets to Israel, the northern kingdom, came first followed by prophets to the southern kingdom, Judah. However, the prophets in the second grouping seemed to include both kingdoms with the exception of Amos who lived in the south but prophesied at Bethel in the north. Below are the groupings in the order of my studies.

Prophet Prophesied To: Contemporaries
Group 1 Jonah Nineveh shim1x1
Group 2[760-680BC] Amos Judah and Israel Isiah, Hosea
Hosea Israel Amos, Isaiah, Micah
Isaiah Israel Amos, Isaiah, Micah
Micah Judah and Israel Hosea, Isaiah
Group 3[650-550BC] Nahum Judah Zephaniah, Jeremiah
Jeremiah Judah All in Group 3
Zephaniah Judah Nahum, Jeremiah
Habakkuk Judah Daniel, Ezekiel, Jeremiah
Obadiah Judah Daniel, Ezekiel, Jeremiah
Daniel Judah, Judah in Exile Ezekiel, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Jeremiah
Ezekiel Judah, Judah in Exile Daniel, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Jeremiah
Group 4[520-510BC] Haggai Judah returnees Zechariah
Zechariah Judah returnees Haggai
Group 5[470-450BC] Malachi Judah returnees shim1x1
Joel Judah returnees shim1x1

Following is a chart [adapted from pages 64-65 in the Rose Book of Bible Charts, Maps and Time Lines] that further explains the historical sequence of the Kings and Prophets as they related to the exiles of both Israel and Judah. One thing is clear. God did everything He could to get His people to repent and turn back to Him. Exile was His last resort. He was left with no other options. He was forced to use drastic actions to fulfill His promise to redeem Israel as His chosen people.


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