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Psalm 45

June 4, 2009

This is said to be a psalm sung at royal weddings. Who it was written for is not clear. One might conclude the King was David but references to the bride might suggest otherwise. Reference to the king’s wealth, wisdom, and foreign dignitaries suggest Solomon but references to the king also suggest a warrior like David. According to some notes it was even considered to be Messianic after Israel’s exile. If I had to make a choice I would favor Solomon.

The psalm begins by praising the king’s attributes. God has blessed him and he speaks words of grace. He wears a sword and dresses in the finest clothes. He is humble, speaks the truth, is righteous, and has tremendous capacity and capability. Verse 5 could refer to political power and not military power. Justice is his cornerstone. As such, this describes Solomon particularly at the beginning of his reign. He sits on David’s throne, a throne that is eternal. Righteousness rules instead of wickedness. He is set above his siblings and above other rulers. His clothes show forth his wealth and power. All this is a result of God’s blessing.

Verse 10 begins instructions to the bride. She is to forget who she was and become solely who she is. Perhaps she is the beloved in the Song of Solomon. She is his wife and subject to him alone. People will come from foreign lands bearing gifts. Her natural beauty is enhanced by her gown containing gold thread. She too has many attendants and/or servants. Everyone is happy. Their sons will rule and inherit the throne. They, their nation, will be remembered forever by other nations.

God’s blessings are upon them because they are loved by God and are dedicated to truth, humility, righteousness, and justice.

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