Skip to content

10. God Delivers His Law

June 26, 2009

Text:   Exodus 19:10-20:26

Key Verses:   Exodus 20:22-24

Outline:           I. Israel Prepares to Meet God      Ex. 19:10-25

                           II. God Speaks      Ex. 20:1-17

                          III. The People Request a Mediator      Ex. 20:18-20

                          IV. God Requests Their Worship      Ex. 20:21-26


     Section I could have been included in the last Lesson because, in actuality, it is the transition between Israel’s agreement to be God’s people and God’s speech to them defining what it means to be a holy nation, a nation of priests separate unto God.

     God begins by instructing Moses to consecrate the people by washing their clothes because in three days He will visit them. They are not to set foot on the mountain, Mt. Sinai, but gather at the foot of the mountain when God calls with His trumpet and appears in the cloud. The mountain is covered with smoke as God comes in fire and the earth quakes. God calls Moses to come on the mountain so He can give him instructions for Israel once again to not set foot on the mountain lest they perish. Moses is to return to the mountain with Aaron.

     I believe Chapter 20 opens with Moses and Aaron on the mountain but not in the cloud with God. The people are at the base of the mountain with the elders of Israel in the front row protecting the people from going on the mountain. Moses and Aaron are in the position of mediating and relaying God’s Word’s to the people. The people are trembling because they “see” God in the smoke, in the cloud, and in the fire. They feel God in the earthquake and they hear God’s trumpet blowing.

     God begins to speak, telling them what He expects now that they have committed to be His people.

        1. The Lord God, the One who is speaking, is God and He is to be their only God.

        2. God will not tolerate any idols in their midst or any idol worship.

        3. The Lord’s Name is to be spoken with reverence for He is Holy.

       4. They are to observe the Sabbath and keep it holy. They are to remember God’s creative power.

       5. Children are to honor and respect their parents. then they will live in peace, avoid stress, and live long.

       6. They are not to murder, commit adultery, steal, or lie.

       7. They are not to envy and/or covet what their neighbor possesses. They are to be content with what they have because what they have is a result of God’s blessing.

     The people have seen, felt, and heard enough and, therefore, ask Moses to act as mediator between themselves and God. The people have a real, genuine, and respectful fear of God. They recognize the high standard that God has and acknowledge they need a Savior. That is the correct response we all are to have when confronted with God’s Commandments. Moses assures them that what they have seen, felt, and heard is for their good, to enable them to continue having a real, genuine, and respectful fear of God, His power, and His sovereignty. A healthy respect for God will help them to obey His statutes and not sin.

     Moses then leaves to go into the cloud. Aaron probably remains on the mountain but at its’ foot. God emphasizes the He is God and will not tolerate idolatry. God is to be worshipped by the sacrifices of their burnt and fellowship offerings.


     1. Israel has been redeemed and has committed to being God’s people. Their journey begins by consecrating themselves, removing the old and starting anew by coming to a meeting to hear their new CEO, God. They come to hear God speak and they come to stand before the Lord’s altar, Mt. Sinai. Likewise, we accept Jesus Christ by faith, acknowledging what He has done for us [dying for our sin]. We thank God and praise Him for His gift of salvation. We are consecrated, dedicated, ordained, baptized, and confirmed to serve Him. And we also stand before the altar of God in our hearts to be taught and led by His Holy Spirit. God is the same yesterday, today, and forever. The question is “Where do I stand in this process?” Stand before the Lord in humble worship for he is our God, our Redeemer.

     2. Israel heard God’s voice whereas we Christians hear God’s Word. They heard the Ten Commandments explaining God’s expectations. We hear of Christ’s mercy and grace where He has fulfilled God’s expectations for us. God requires sacrifice [His Son for our sin], a living sacrifice for loving service from us to Him. [see Heb. 9:22;10:10;Rom. 12:1-2]

     3. The good we do in the Name of Jesus Christ is true, genuine worship of the Lord God. We honor and glorify God, declaring Him as Lord and Savior when we do good in His Name.

     4. Praise God that He has provided us a mediator, His only Son, Jesus Christ. God’s commandments show our need for a Savior, a mediator. God’s commandments reveal our sinful nature and are given for our good to guide us in His Wisdom. [I Tim. 2:5; Heb. 12:24]

     5. Never fail or forget to daily worship the Lord God. Doing so prevents idol worship of things such as wealth, possessions, position, popularity, education, government, family, children, power, etc.


Comments are closed.

%d bloggers like this: