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5. The Tenth Plague-Passover

June 26, 2009

Text:   Exodus 11:1-12:36

Key Verses:   Exodus 12:24-27

Outline:                   I. God Reveals His 10th Plague to Moses      Ex. 11:1-10

                                   II. God Instructs Moses Concerning His Passover      Ex. 12:1-20

                                  III. Moses Instructs Israel Concerning the Lord’s Passover      Ex. 12:21-28

                                  IV. God’s 10th Plague Release Israel from Bondage      Ex. 12:29-36


     God tells Moses there will be one more plague and then Pharaoh will let Israel go and worship Him. In fact, Pharaoh will drive them out. Israel is to ask the Egyptians for their silver and gold in preparation for leaving. The Egyptians will gladly give them their wealth because they have a new-found respect for Israel and their God. One wonders why God didn’t start with the last plague and not subject he people to the first nine plagues. But God disciplines in a progressive fashion and the series of ten plagues are more apt to be remembered than just the one plague. Thus the people of all nations will recognize that the Lord God of Israel is more powerful than all their gods and is the one true God.

     Moses relays God’s message to Pharaoh, telling him that all the first born people and livestock will be killed by the Lord at midnight, including his firstborn son who sits on the throne. Egypt will be in great mourning but Israel will be quiet. Pharaoh and his officials, whose hearts were so hardened that they would not listen to Moses, will end up bowing to Moses and releasing the Israelites from bondage.

     This month of the Passover is to mark the beginning of Israel’s first month of their calendar. Each family is to chose a lamb one year old without blemish on day 10. Smaller families can share to minimize wasted meat. They are to slaughter the lamb on day 14 and put some of its’ blood on their door frames. Then they are to roast the meat and eat it that night with bitter herbs and unleavened bread. What they don’t eat is to be burned because they are to be ready to leave quickly. God will pass through that night and kill all the first born men and animals, judging Egypt and their gods. But God will not destroy any living in the houses having blood on their doorframes.

     This day is to be celebrated every year by all future generations by eating only unleavened bread for 7 days. They are to assemble together in worship on day 1 and day 7 of this Feast of Unleavened Bread to be celebrated on days14-21 in the month of Nisan. Those who don’t celebrate this Feast will be cut off from Israel.

     Moses calls the elders of Israel together, specifically instructing them in what the Lord God has told him.

     At midnight on the 14th day the Lord struck down all the firstborn men and animals, including Pharaoh’s son. The result is great and loud mourning. Pharaoh summons Moses and Aaron and tells him to gather Israel together and leave immediately to worship their God. Pharaoh asks for Moses blessing but wants them to leave quickly so there is no more death in the land. Israel asks for and receives much wealth form the Egyptians just as the Lord predicted

     The Passover was not only a significant miraculous event in the redemption of God’s people Israel from Egypt but it symbolizes the rebirth of each of us who place their faith in Jesus. God’s Son, Jesus Christ, was the final unblemished Lamb who shed His blood for each of us. We who believe and place our faith in Him for the forgiveness of all our sin are “born again” as His children to live eternally with Him in the “Promised Land”, His Kingdom on earth and in heaven.

     The Passover is a “watershed moment”, a “watershed act” giving us a glimpse of the power and character of God. The Passover is second in importance only to the death and resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ. As Christians, we celebrate the Lord’s Supper in commemoration of what God has done for us just like Israel was commanded to celebrate and remember the Passover each year.


     1. God knows our hearts; how hard they are and how soft they are [Psalm 44:21]. We can believe God or we can ignore God. Our choice determines our consequences. Learn from this example concerning all the plagues and choose to follow and obey the Lord God.

     2. Milestones, important events, in our walk with the Lord are to be remembered and commemorated. Such days as our accepting the Lord [born again], our baptism, our confirmation, our dedication and/or consecration to His ministry are to be remembered and celebrated because they witness to others of God’s saving power. It gives us opportunity to praise God and glorify His Name before men.

     3. Passing on our knowledge is critical to the well being of others. Share your knowledge of God, His Word, and His involvement in your life with others to encourage them in their walk with the Lord.

     4. God is sovereign over the most powerful of man and nations. His Will prevails. He is the victor over evil. Place your faith in Him. He is our Savior.

     5. Obedience to God’s instructions results in abundant life, both physical and spiritual. Failure to obey God’s instructions results in death, both physical and spiritual.


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